Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor

Hit Counter

 References to the publication or use of ACRIM results


Baliunas, S., Warming Up to the Truth: The Real Story About Climate Change, Heritage Foundation Lecture # 758, 2002

Beer, J., W. Mende, R. Stellmacher, The role of the sun in climate forcing, Quaternary Science Reviews 19, pp. 403-415, 2000.

Benestad, R. E., and G. A. Schmidt (2009), Solar trends and global warming, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D14101, doi:10.1029/2008JD011639

Bernasconi, P. N., Foukal, P., Rust, D. M., and LaBonte, B. J., Finding the sources of irradiance variation at sunspot minimum, Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana, Vol. 76, p. 907, 2005.

Bond, G., W. Showers, M. Cheseby, R. Lotti, P. Almasi, P. deMenocal, P. Priore, H. Cullen, I. Hajdas, G. Bonani, A Pervasive Millennial-Scale Cycle in North Atlantic Holocene and Glacial Climates, Science, Vol. 278, pp. 1257-1266, 1997.

Bond, G., B. Kromer, J. Beer, R. Muscheler, M Evans, W. Showers, S. Hoffman, R. Lotti-Bond,I. Hajdas, G. Bonani, Persistent Solar Influence on North Atlantic Climate During the Holocene, Science, Vol. 294, pp. 2130 – 2136, 2001.

Bond, G., Evidence of solar forcing and amplifying mechanisms on centennial to millennial time scales from Atlantic sediment cores, JGRL, Vol. 5, 14559, 2003

Britt, Robert R., Sun's Output Increasing in Possible Trend Fueling Global Warming,, 20 March, 2003

Butler et. al., Sources of differences in on-orbit total solar irradiance measurements and Description of a Proposed Laboratory Intercomparison, J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 113, 187-203 2008

Byrne, G., Sun fuels debate on climate change, v. 2390. New Scientist magazine,  p. 14,2003

Chapman, G. A., A. D. Herzog, J. K. Lawrence, S. R. Walton, H. S. Hudson, and B. M. Fisher, Precise ground-based solar photometry and variations of total irradiance, JGR 97, 8211-8219, 1992.

Crommelynck, D. and S. Dewitte, Solar constant temporal and frequency characteristics, Sol. Phys.173, 177-191, 1997.

Crowley, T.J., Causes of Climate Change Over the Past 1000 Years, J Vol. 289, pp 270-276, 2000.

Crowley, T.J., Cycles, Cycles Everywhere, Science, Vol. 295, pp. 1473-1474, 2002.

Dikpati, M, de Toma, G., Gilman, P., Predicting the strength of solar cycle 24 using a flux-transport dynamo-based tool, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 33, 2006.

Douglass, D.H., B.D. Clader, Climate sensitivity of the Earth to solar irradiance, GRL, Vol. 29, No. 16, 2002.

Douglass, D.H., B.D. Clader, Climate sensitivity of Earth to solar irradiance: update,  Paper presented at 2004 Solar Radiation and Climate (SORCE) meeting on Decade Variability in the Sun and the Climate, Meredith, New Hampshire, October 27-29, 2004

Earth Science Enterprise Strategy, National Aeronautics and NASA Headquarters Washington, DC 20546, 2003.

Eddy, J.A., Samuel P. Langley (1834-1906), Journal for the History of Astronomy, 21, 111-120, 1990.

Eddy, J. A., The Maunder Minimum, Science, v.192, pp. 1189-1202, 1976.

Eddy, Jack A. (1977). "The Case of the Missing Sunspots." Scientific American, May, pp. 80-92.

Eddy, Jack A. (1977). "Climate and the Changing Sun." Climatic Change 1: 173-90.

Eddy, Jack A. (1977). "Historical Evidence for the Existence of the Solar Cycle." In The Solar Output and Its Variation, edited by Oran R. White, pp. 51-71. Boulder, CO: Colorado Associated University Press.

Eddy, J. A., The Maunder Minimum: A reappraisal, Solar Physics, v. 89, 1983 pp. 195 - 207

Faurschou Knudsen, M., Variable solar-cycle intensity during the Holocene and its imprint on Earth’s climate, 2009, [URL to AGU Fall GC11A session]

Feng Sheng Hu, etl al., Cyclic Variation and Solar Forcing of Holocene Climate in the Alaskan Subarctic, Science, vol. 301, p. 1890, 2003

P. V. Foukal, P. E. Mack, and J. E. Vernazza,  The effect of sunspots and faculae on the solar constant,  The Astrophysical Journal, volume 215, page 952, (1977)

Foukal, P. A., and J. L. Lean, Magnetic modulation of solar luminosity by photospheric activity, Astrophys. J., 328, 347– 357, 1988.

Foukal, P.A., Lean, J.L., An empirical model of total solar irradiance variation between 1874 and 1988, Science, v. 247. pp. 556-558, 1990.

Fröhlich, C., Crommelynck, D., Wehrli, C., Anklin, M., Dewitte, S., Fichot, A., Finsterle, W., Jiménez, A., Chevalier, A. and Roth, H. J.; In-Flight Performances of VIRGO Solar Irradiance Instruments on SOHO, Sol. Phys. 175, pp. 267-286, 1997.

Frohlich C., J. Lean, The Sun's total irradiance: cycles and trends in the past two decades and associated climate change uncertainties, JGRL 25, pp. 4377-4380, 1998.

Frohlich, C. and W. Finsterle, VIRGO radiometry and total solar irradiance 1996-2000 revised, Recent Insights into the Physics of the Sun and Heliosphere, Ed. P. Brekke, B. Fleck and J. Gurman, ASP Conference Series, IAU Symposium, Vol. 20.

Frohlich, C., Comparison of the PMOD, ACRIM and IRMB Composite Total Solar irradiance time series, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2005.

Frohlich, C., Total solar irradiance during the last three cycles: Uncertainities of the long-term behaviour, 2008, [URL to AGU Fall meeting session GC32A]

Fröhlich, C, Solar Irradiance Variability since 1978, Space Science Reviews 00: pp. 1–13, 2006.

Haigh, J.D., The Sun and the Earth’s Climate,  Living Rev. Solar Phys., 4, (2007), 2

Hansen, J., et al., Efficacy of climate forcings, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 110, 2005.

Harber, Huerman, Drake & Kopp, Absolute Optical Power and Irradiance Comparisons with SORCE/TIM and Glory/TIM Instruments, 2009

Hays, J., Imbrie, J., and Shackleton, N., Variations in the Earth's Orbit: Pacemaker of the Ice Ages: Science, v194, p1121 1976.

Hickey, J.R., Stowe, L.L., Jacobowitz, H., Pellegrino, P. ,Maschoff, R.H., House, F., Vonder Haar, T.H., Initial determinations from Nimbus 7 cavity radiometer measurements, Science, _208_, p. 281, 1980.

Hoyt, D.V, K.H. Schatten, E. Nesmes-Ribes, The one hundredth year of Rudolf Wolf’s Death: Do we have the correct reconstruction of solar activity?, JGRL 21, pp. 2067-2070, 1994.

Hoyt, D. V., Kyle, H. L., A Hickey, J. R., A Maschhoff, R. H., The Nimbus 7 solar total irradiance: A new algorithm for its derivation, JGR, V. 97, pp. 148-227, 1992.

Hu, F.S., Kaufman, D., Yoneji, S., Nelson, D., Shemesh, A., Huang, Y., Tian, J., Bond, G., Clegg, B., Brown, T., Cyclic Variation and Solar Forcing of Holocene Climate in the Alaskan Subarctic, Science, v. 301, pp.1890-1893, 2003.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis, 2001.

IPCC 3rd Assessment report 2003,  Working Group I: The Scientific Basis,6.11 Solar Forcing of Climate

Kopp, G., Lawrence, G., and Rottman, G., Total Irradiance Monitor Design and On-Orbit Functionality, SPIE Proc. 5171-4, 2003.

Kopp et. al., THE TOTAL IRRADIANCE MONITOR (TIM): SCIENCE RESULTS, Solar Physics (2005) 230: 129–139

Kopp, G., Total Solar Irradiance Benchmark Measurement Requirements, 2008, [URL to AGU Fall meeting session GC32A]

Kopp, G., LASP/TRF Facility 2010

Kosovichev, A., Variability of the solar interior and irradiance, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2005.

N.A. Krivova, L. Balmaceda, and S.K. Solanki,  Reconstruction of solar total irradiance since 1700 from the surface magnetic flux, A&A 467, 335–346 (2007) DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20066725

Kyle, H.L., et. Al., Nimbus7 Earth Radiation Budget Calibration History Part I: The solar channels, NASA Reference Publication 1316, 1993.

Kyle, H.L., D.V. Hoyt, J.R. Hickey, A review of the Nimbus-7 ERB solar dataset, Solar Phys, 152, pp. 1-8, 1994.

Lawrence, G.M., Kopp, G., Rottman, G., Harder, J., Woods, T., and Loui, H., "Calibration of the Total Irradiance Monitor," Metrologia 40, 2003, S78-S80.

Lean, J., Beer, J. & Bradley, R. S., Reconstruction of solar irradiance since 1610: Implications for climate change, Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 3195-3198, 1995.

Lean, J., D. Rind, Sun-climate connections: Earth's response to a variable sun, Science, v. 292, p. 5515, 2005

Lee III, R.B., ET. Al., Long-term total solar irradiance variability during sunspot cycle 22, JGR, v. 100, pp 1667-1675, 1995.

Lindsay, Rebecca, Under a Variable Sun, Earth Observatory, NASA,, August 2003.

Livingston, W.C., Wallace, L., White, O.R., Spectrum Line Intensity as a Surrogate for Solar Irradiance Variations, Science, Vol. 240, pp. 1765-1767, 1988.

Livingston, W.C. and Avrett, E.H., Spectroscopic increase of the flux from the solar temperature minimum region between the minimum-activity epochs 1984-87 and 1995-98, EOS, AGU 2003 Fall Meeting, Vol. 84, invited talk, 2003.

Lockwood, M., R. Stamper, Long term drift of the coronal source magnetic flux and the total solar irradiance, JGRL, Vol. 26, No. 16, pp 2461-2464, 1999.

Lockwood, G.W., Hall, J.C., Skiff, B.A., Henry, G.W., Radick, R.R., Baliunas, S.L., Soon, W., Donahue, R.A., Gauging the Sun: Comparative photometric and magnetic activity measurements of sunlike stars, 1984- 2001

Lockwood, M., C. Frohlich, Recent oppositely directed trends in solar climate forcings and the global mean surface air temperature, Proc. R. Soc. A, 1 - 14, 2007

Martin, J.E., Fox, N.P., and Keys, P.J., A cryogenic radiometer of absolute radiometric measurements, Metrologia 21, 147, 1985.

McKitrick, R., Independent Summary for Policymakers - IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Fraser Institute, 2007

Moberg, A., et al. (2005), Highly variable Northern Hemisphere temperatures reconstructed from low- and high-resolution proxy data, Nature, 433, 613– 617.

Monckton, C., Apocalypse cancelled, Sunday Telegraph, 2006

Morris, K. L., Total Solar Irradiance Data Available for Studying Trends, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2005.

NSTC and CENR, Strategic Plan for the U.S. Integrated Earth Observation System (EOS)

Pap, J, Willson, R.C., Frohlich, C., Donnely, R.D., Puga, L, Long-term variations in total solar irradiance, Solar Physics 152, 13-21, 1994.

Pap, J, Mcintosh, P., A Critical Review of Measurements and Models of Composite Total Solar Irradiance American Geophysical Union, Spring Meeting (Joint Assembly) 2005.

Perry, C A., Revised Assumptions and a Multidiscipline Approach to a Solar/Climate Connection, 2009, [URL to AGU Fall GC11A session]

Preminger, D. G. , Walton, S. R., A new model of total solar irradiance based on sunspot areas, Geophysical research letters 2005, vol. 32, no14, pp. L14109.1-L14109.5 (17 ref.)

Quinn, T.J., J.E. Martin, A radiometric determination of the Stefan-Boltzmann constant and thermodynamic temperatures between -408° C and +1008 C," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London, A316, 85, 1985.

Rice, J., Summary Of The NASA/NIST Total Solar Irradiance Uncertainty Workshop Day 3: Laboratory Intercomparisons, NASA-sponsored NIST workshop on the current status of uncertainties in the Total Solar Irradiance (TSI), July 18-20, 2005.

Scafetta, N., et. al., Solar turbulence in earth’s global and regional temperature anomalies, Physical Revue, E. 69 026303, (2004)

Scafetta, N., West, B. J., Estimate solar contribution to the global surface warming using the ACRIM TSI satellite composite, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32(24), 2005.

Scafetta, N., West, B. J., Phenomenological solar signature in 400 years of reconstructed Northern Hemisphere temperature record since 1600, Geophys. Res. Lett., V. 112, 2006.

Scafetta, N., West, B. J., Reply to comment by J. L. Lean on ‘‘Estimated solar contribution to the global surface warming using the ACRIM TSI satellite composite’’, Geophys. Res. Lett., V. 33, 2006

Scafetta, N., A Critical Review of Models of Composite Total Solar Irradiance, American Geophysical Union, Spring Meeting (Joint Assembly) 2005.

Scafetta, N., West, B. J., Phenomenological solar contribution to the 1900–2000 global surface warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., V. 33, 2006

Scafetta, N., West, B. J.,  Phenomenological reconstructions of the solar signature in the Northern Hemisphere surface temperature records since 1600, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 112, D24S03, doi:10.1029/2007JD008437, 2007

Scafetta, N., West, B. J.,  Is climate sensitive to solar variability?, Physics Today, Opinion, March 2008

Scafetta, N., West, B. J.,  Variations on Sun's role in climate change , Physics Today, Opinion, October 2008

Scafetta, N., West, B. J.,  Interpretations of climate change data, Physics Today, Opinion, Nov 2008

Scafetta, N., Analysis of the total solar irradiance composite and their contribution to global mean air surface temperature rise 2008 [URL to AGU Fall GC23A session]

Scafetta, N., Can the solar system planetary motion be used to forecast the multidecadal variability of climate?  2008 [URL to AGU Fall GC51A session]

Scafetta, N., West, B. J., Rebuttal to  Benestad, R. E., and G. A. Schmidt (2009), Solar trends and global warming, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D14101, doi:10.1029/2008JD011639 (see above)

Scafetta, N., Are some multidecadal climate oscillations resonating with the orbits of the planets?, 2009,  [URL to AGU Fall GC31A session]

Scafetta, N., Total Solar Irradiance Composites and the empirical analysis of the solar contribution to global mean air surface temperature change (Invited), 2009  [URL to AGU Fall GC11A session]

Schneider, G.S., J.M. Pasachoff, R.C. Willson, Transit of Venus 08 June 2004 [URL to AGU Fall GC23A session]

Schmutz, W. et. al. The PREMOS/PICARD instrument calibration, Metrologia 46 (2009) S202–S206, 2009

Shirley, E.L., Diffraction Effects in Remote-Sensing Instruments and SI Traceability, 2008,

Soon, W., The Sun-Climate Connection: A journey from solar-stellar-galactic astrophysics, to weather-climate continuum and paleoclimatic-geological insights (Invited), 2009. [URL to AGU Fall GC11A session]

ACRIMSAT/ACRIM3 radiometry (Total Solar Irradiance), Poster, American Astronomical Society,  January, 2005, San Diego, California.

Schneider, G., J. M. Pasachoff, and Richard C. Willson, "The Effect of the Transit of Venus on ACRIM's Total Solar Irradiance Measurements: Implications for Transit Studies of Extrasolar Planets," Astrophys. J. 641, pp. 565-571, April 10, 2006

Shindell, D.T., G. A. Schmidt, M. E. Mann, D. Rind, A. Waple, Solar Forcing of Regional Climate Change During the Maunder Minimum, Science, V. 294, pp. 2149-2152, 2001.

Sofia, S., Variations of Total Solar Irradiance Produced by Structural Changes of the Solar Interior, EOS, Vol. 85, No. 22, pp. 217-224, 2004.

Solanki, S.K., Fligge, M., Solar irradiance since 874 revisited, Geophys. Res. Lett., vol. 25, pp. 341-344, 1998.

Solanki, S.K., Fligge, M., A reconstruction of total solar irradiance since 1700, Geophys. Res. Lett., vol. 26, pp. 2465-2468, 1999.

S.K. Solanki, N.A. Krivova, Solar irradiance variations: from current measurements to long-term estimates, Solar Physics 224: pp. 197–208, 2004

S.K. Solanki, N.A. Krivova, T. Wenzler, Irradiance models, Advances in Space Research 35 pp. 376–383, 2005

Solar Influences on Global Change, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., p. 36, 1994.

M. R. Allen and P. A. Stott, Estimating signal amplitudes in optimal fingerprinting, part I: theory , Climate Dynamics,l v. 21, No 5-6, pp. 477-491, 2003

P. A. Stott ,  M. R. Allen & G. S. Jones, Estimating signal amplitudes in optimal fingerprinting. Part II: application to general circulation models, Climate Dynamics (2003) 21: 493–500

Willson, R.C., The active cavity radiometric scale, the international pyrheliometric scale and the solar constant, J. Geoph. Res., 76, p.4325, 1971.

Willson, R.C., Active cavity radiometer type IV, J. Applied Optics, 18, p.179, 1979.

Willson, R.C., S. Gulkis, M Janssen, H.S. Hudson and G.A. Chapman, Observations of Solar Irradiance Variability, Science, v. 211, pp. 700-702, 1981.

Willson, R.C., H.S. Hudson, C. Frohlich and R.W. Brusa, Long-term downward trend in total solar irradiance, Science, v. 234, pp. 1114-1117, 1986.

Willson, R.C., Hudson, H.S., the Sun's luminosity over a complete solar cycle, Nature, v. 351, pp. 42-44, 1991.

Willson, R.C., "Irradiance Observations of SMM, Spacelab 1, UARS and ATLAS Experiments," in The Sun as a Variable Star, IAU Col. 143 proc., Ed. J. Pap, C. Fröhlich, H. Hudson & K. Solanki, Cambridge University Press, pp. 54-62, 1994.

Willson, R. C., Total solar irradiance trend during solar cycles 21 and 22, Science, 277, 1963–1965, 1997.

Willson, R. C., and A. V. Mordvinov, Time frequency analysis of total solar irradiance variations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 3613– 3616, 1999.

Willson, R.C., The ACRIMSAT/ACRIM3 Experiment – Extending the Precision, Long-Term Total Solar Irradiance Climate Database, The Earth Observer, May/June 2001, V. 13, No. 3, pp. 14-17, 2001.

Willson, R. C., and A. V. Mordvinov, ACRIM2 Observations and the Long Term Total Solar Irradiance Database, 2001 AGU Fall Meeting, Session A41D (Oral), 2001p. (URL to A41D)

Willson, R.C., Precision of the long-term total solar irradiance database, Proc. Of the 2002 Characterization and Radiometric Calibration for Remote Sensing (CALCON 2002) mtg., Viewgraph 16,  2002.

Willson, R.C., Total Solar Irradiance Variability: Do Observations or Models Imply a Secular Change?, Convener of special sessions SH12B (Oral) and SH21C (Poster), 2002 AGU Fall Meeting, 2002m.

Willson, R. C., and A. V. Mordvinov, Secular total solar irradiance trend during solar cycles 21–23, Geophys. Res. Lett., vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 1199-1202, 2003.

Willson, R. C., H S Hudson, J M Pap, Total Solar Irradiance Variability: Do Observations or Models Imply a Secular Change?, Co-conveners of special sessions SH21B (Oral), 2002 AGU Fall Meeting, 2002m. (URL to SH21B)

Willson, R.C., H.S. Hudson, Total Solar Irradiance Monitoring: Results and Strategies, Co-conveners of special sessions SH31C (Oral) and SH32A (Poster), 2003 AGU Fall Meeting, 2003m. (URL to SH31C)  (URL to SH32A)

Willson, R.C., S. Sofia, Secular Variation of Total Solar Irradiance and Climate, Co-conveners of special sessions SH51E (Oral) and SH53A (poster), 2004 AGU Fall Meeting, 2004m. (URL to SH51E)  (URL to SH53A)

Willson, R.C., J.M. Pap, Total Solar Irradiance Trends and Traceability , Co-conveners of special sessions SH41A (Oral) and SH53A (poster), 2005 AGU Fall Meeting, 2005m. (URL to SH41A)  (URL to SH42A)

Willson, R.C., N. Scafetta, A Critical Review of Measurements and Models of Composite Total Solar Irradiance, Co-conveners of special sessions SH22B (Oral) and SH23B (Poster), 2005 AGU Spring Meeting. (URL to SH22B)  (URL to SH23B)

Willson, R.C., N. Scafetta, Total Solar Irradiance Variations and Their Impact on Climate, Co-convener of special sessions SH41A (Oral) and SH43A (Poster), 2006 AGU Fall Meeting. (URL to SH41A)  (URL to SH43A)

Willson, R.C., N. Scafetta, Solar Variability III: Total Solar Irradiance Monitoring, Proxy Reconstructions, and Climate Implications, Co-conveners of special session GC42A (Oral), 2007 AGU Fall Meeting.  (URL to GC42A)

Willson, R.C., Three Decades of Total Solar Irradiance Monitoring and resolution of the 'ACRIM-gap' dilemma,  (URL to GC24A)

Willson, R.C., The satellite total solar irradiance database, 2009,  [URL to AGU Fall GC11A session]

Wang et. al., Modeling the Sun’s Magnetic Field and Irradiance since 1713, The Astrophysical Journal, 625:522–538,  (2005)  May 20, DOI: 10.1086/429689



Home | Contact Us | Related Links | Help | Privacy Statement